The Android is changing year by year and bringing better versions. Android is a created in Palo Alto, California in October 2016 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White. In July 2005, Google earned Android Inc.for at least $50 million, whose key employee including Rubin, Miner and White. After that, the face of Android started changes. The Versions Of Android with their updated features are discuss below.
Android 1.0 Alpha (September 23, 2008)
Alpha is first version of Android develop by Google. Alpha is the first letter of the Greek alphabet, used as the number 1. The first stage, called alpha testing, is often performed only by users within the organization developing the software.
Android 1.1 Beta (February 9, 2009)
Beta is 1.1 version of Android. The second stage, called beta testing, generally involves a limited number of external users.
Android 1.5 Cupcake (April 27, 2009)
Cupcake is 1.5 version of android which is available for user. This version is containing changes keep in mind the user and developer requirement. For developers, the Android 1.5 platform is available as a downloadable component for the Android SDK.
- Android 1.5 support on-screen keyword. Android 1.5 was supporting virtual keyboard in portrait or landscape orientation and works in any application, including Gmail, the browser, SMS and even in third-party programs.
- It was lunched with auto-correct feature, suggestions and user dictionary for custom words.
- Android 1.5 comes preloaded with five bundled Home screen widgets (analog clock, calendar, music player, picture frame and search).
- Android 1.5 had lunched with couple of Live Folders preset on Home screen that provide quick, convenient access to your contacts, stocks, bookmarks, etc.
- Android 1.5 finally adds the ability to record and share videos, in addition to improved playback and better support for MPEG-4 and 3GP video formats.
- Besides an improved hands-free experience, Android 1.5 now supports stereo Bluetooth (A2DP and AVCRP profiles), in addition to auto-pairing feature.
Android 1.6 Donut (September 15, 2009)
- The biggest change was introduction of a new and more powerful Android Market. That has made it much easier to discover and try great apps and games. Like the iPhone App store, the Market had break down categories of applications into Top paid, Top free, and newly released offerings. And at long last, you’ll be able to see screenshots of programs before you download them.
- The “g” icon is gone from the search box on the home screen. While it might not seem like much that was the hint that they can do much more than Google web searches using this widget.
- The gallery, camera, and camcorder user interface has gotten a major facelift. Taking pictures is also much faster, up to 39% faster to take the first picture and 28% faster to take the second and subsequent ones.
- Android 1.6 had battery usage screen showing which applications and services are consuming the most power, so you can decide to change the settings on those programs, stop them, or uninstall them as needed.
- It connects to work network using one of several supported types of Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).
- New WiFi security options are supported including WPA-EAP and IEEE 802.1x.
Android 2.0 – 2.1 Eclairs (October 26, 2009)
- Support for additional screen sizes and resolutions
- New browser User Interface and support for HTML5
- New contact lists
- Improvements to the Google Maps 3.1.2
- Microsoft Exchange Support for syncing of e-mail
- Built in flash support for camera
- Digital Zoom
- Improved Virtual Keyboard
- Bluetooth 2.1 support
- Integrated support for Facebook users
- Additional text-to-speech functions have been added
- New calendar features
- Quick Contact
Android 2.2 – 2.2.3 Froyo (May 20, 2010)
- It was 20 times faster than the older version.
- Android mobile device support 3G Wi-Fi hotspot
- Improve UI. The photo gallery has a feature allow picture stack with a zoom gesture.
- Microsoft Exchange Support. calendar now works
- LED Flash for Video
- Cloud-to-Device Messaging for Mobile App Developers
- More Memory Available
- Data Backup and Restore
Android 2.3 – 2.3.7 Gingerbread (December 6, 2010)
NEW USER FEATURES:
- UI refinements for simplicity and speed
- Faster, more intuitive text input
- Improved power management
- Control over applications
- New ways of communicating, organizing
New Developer Features:
- Enhancements for gaming
- New forms of communication
- SIP-based internet telephony
- platform’s support Near Field Communications (NFC)
- Rich multimedia
- Mixable audio effects
- VP8 open video compression format and the WebM open container format
- Access to multiple cameras
New platform technology
- Media Framework
- Linux Kernel(2.6.35)
- Dalvik runtime
- Updated BlueZ stack
- SIP stack, configurable by device manufacturer
Android 3.0 – 3.2.6 Honeycomb (February 22, 2011)
- New Refreshed Interface
- Improved Browser(Chrome)
- Voice and Video Chat with Google Talk friends.
- Google E-Books in a cool new interface & with page turn animations
- New sensors like barometer along side accelerometer, magnetometer, gyroscope and an ambient light sensor.
- Enhanced Notifications
- Multi-Pane Apps
- Enhanced Keyboard
- Android supports pointer devices, which includes mice, trackpads and trackballs.
- Resizable Homescreen Widgets
Android 4.0 – 4.0.4 Ice-cream (October 18, 2011)
- New widgets, new gestures, context sensitive action bars, more discoverable
- New system font.
- Screen shots feature
- Home screen improvements.
- A Better Camera & Photo Editing
- A Built-In Data Usage Monitor
- Lock Screen Actions
- Fine-Tuned Notification Control
- A Better App Launcher, With Folders
- Thumbnail Multi-Tasking For Smartphones
Android 4.1-4.3 Jelly Beam (July 9, 2012)
- Support low-energy Bluetooth Smart accessories like heart rate monitors, pedometers, thermometers and many others.
- Adds the auto complete feature in the dial-pad suggesting contact names or phone numbers when users start keying-in something.
- Control and interact with the status bar notifications.
- High quality graphics in games and other apps.
- Introduced faster user switching from the lock screen in case of multiple users.
- The Bluetooth AVRCP 1.3 version allows stereos to display metadata such as song names when music is being streamed from an Android 4.3 device.
- Allowing location scanning via Wi-Fi.
- Upgraded algorithm for tap-typing recognition that makes text input easier while chatting via messages or even while composing emails.
- Hindi support lands on Android 4.3
- Included a hidden privacy feature known as “App ops”, which allowed users to individually deny permissions to apps.
Android 4.4 – 4.4.4 Kit-Kat ( October 31, 2013)
- Designed to run on devices with as little as 512MB of RAM
- Features a new app-linking feature, which allows Google Search to deep-link search results to applications
- Hangouts App Upgraded
- Smarter Caller ID
- New immersive mode that hides everything except the app you’re using.
- Integration With Cloud Storage
- Print documents over WiFi or Bluetooth
- New composite sensors: step counter and step detector.
- System-Wide Closed Captioning
- Lock Screen Art
- Support for screen recording
Android 5.0 – 5.1.1 Lollipop (November 12, 2014)
- The new Material Design
- A new lock screen
- Hide sensitive content in notifications
- Get longer battery life with battery-saver mode
- Hang a Do Not Disturb sign
- Set a Bluetooth or NFC tag as a “Trusted Device.”
- Includes a search option specifically for settings.
- Use guest mode with friends
- Keep apps Pinned
- Access the improved Quick Settings
- Adaptive brightness replaces auto brightness
- New Android Runtime, known as ART.
- High contrast text makes it easier to read
- You can invert colors. easy to read at night.
- Apps will remain in Overview after a restart
- Battery improvements
- More uses for NFC
- Don’t let notifications interrupt your games
- Access Google’s Flappy Bird clone
Android 6.0 – 6.0.1 Marshmallow (October 5, 2015)
- Google Now on Tap
- File Explorer
- “OK Google” anytime on the home screen
- Lock screen message
- Smarter volume controls
- Manage app permissions
- Voice search from lock screen
- Turn Battery Saver on
- Hidden ‘Flappy Bird’ clone
- Improved Copy and Pasting
- Clear permissions system
- Marshmallow can treat memory card as memory on your phone.
- Built-in USB Type-C support
And latest Android version of 2017 is Android Nought is now available.